Scorpions typically prey on insects and do not try to harm humans, unless they feel threatened or in self-defense. Typically, they do not invade homes.

CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Scorpions are approximately 3 to 8 inches long
  • Body is divided into two segments: the cephalothorax, or prosoma, that contains the head, comprising the carapace, eyes, mouth parts, claw, and the four pairs of walking legs and the abdomen, or opisthosoma, that contains the mesosoma and metasoma
  • Scorpions have a tail that is used as stinger and has venom glands
  • They have tough, armored bodies covered with hairs
  • For the most part, they are nocturnal
  • Some have up to 10 eyes, though they cannot see very well
  • Scorpions have florescent materials on their shell and with ultraviolet light, they may glow in the dark

PREVENTION OF SCORPION STINGS:

  • Remove trash, logs, boards, stones, bricks, and other objects that would make good hiding places for them around your home
  • Keep grass mowed and cut prune bushes and overhanging tree branches to prevent paths to your roof or other parts of the home for scorpions
  • Caulk cracks, install weather stripping around doors and windows
  • Repair torn screens
  • Avoid storing firewood inside your house
  • Always wear shoes when outdoors and shake out shoes before doing so
  • When hiking or camping, wear long sleeves and pants to cover exposure of the skin

TREATMENT OF SCORPION STINGS:

  • Although they are painful, scorpion stings are usually not life threatening
  • Wash the are with soap and water
  • Apply a cool compress or ice pack
  • If stung on a limb, such as an arm or leg, elevate it
  • Watch for serious systems including: respiratory distress, rashes, seizures, muscle twitches, and weakness. These might indicate severe reaction to the venom and one should seek medical help immediately